Import-Export License

Register for your IEC

The Importer -Exporter Code (IEC) is a key business identification number which is mandatory for Exports or Imports. No person shall make any import or export except under an IEC Number granted by the DGFT. In case of import or export of services or technology, the IEC shall be required only when the service or technology provider is taking benefits under the Foreign Trade Policy or is dealing with specified services or technologies

The nature of the firm obtaining an IEC may be any of the follows- “Proprietorship, Partnership, LLP, Limited Company, Trust, HUF and Society.” Consequent upon introduction of GST, IEC number is the same as the PAN of the firm. The IEC would be separately issued by DGFT.

Importing and Exporting

Importing and Exporting are means of Foreign Trade. Foreign trade is carried out in goods and services – which includes imports, exports, and the balance of foreign trade – is presented separately for goods and for services. The total imports, exports, and balance of foreign trade are presented as summaries of goods and services.

Exporting refers to the selling of goods and services from the home country to a foreign nation. Whereas, importing refers to the purchase of foreign products and bringing them into one’s home country. Further, it is divided in two ways, which are,

  1. Direct
  2. Indirect

Every nation is blessed with certain resources, assets, and abilities. For instance, a few nations are rich in natural reserves, for example, petroleum products, timber, fertile soil or valuable metals and minerals, while different nations have deficiencies of these resources.

Advantages of Import and Export

  • It is one of the simplest routes of entering into the global trade and import and export generate huge employment opportunities.
  • Requires less investment in terms of time and money when contrasted with other
    methods of entering into the global trade.
  • Is comparatively less risky when compared with different routes of entering in international business.
  • As no nation can be 100% self-sufficient, import and export are very crucial for the functioning and growth of that nation.
  • Can help Countries to access the best technologies available and best products and services in the world.
  • It gives better control over the trade than setting up a market and the risk is considerably low.

Limitations of Import and Export

  • It includes extra packaging, transportation and protection and insurance costs which build up the total cost of items.
  • Exporting isn’t doable in the event that the foreign nation prohibits imports.
  • Domestic organizations which are closer to the client could serve them better than firms outside their national borders.
  • Merchandises are subject to quality standards any low-grade merchandise which is exported will result in Country reputation and remarks on countries.
  • Obtaining licenses and documentation for foreign trade is a difficult and frustrating task.
  • If you are not careful, you can lose grip on the domestic market and existing customers.